ساخت و مشخصه‌یابی نانوصفحات اکسید سرب به روش سونوشیمی: اثر ماده‌ی فعال‌کننده‌ی سطحی

نویسندگان

گروه فیزیک، دانشکده فیزیک، دانشگاه یزد، یزد

چکیده

در این مطالعه، نانوصفحه‌های اکسید سرب به روش سونوشیمی در محیط آبی با موفقیت ساخته شد. برای مشخصه‌یابی نمونه‌ها از دستگاه‌های میکروسکوپ الکترونی روبشی ، پراش اشعه ایکس ، طیف سنج رامان، طیف‌سنج پراش انرژی پرتوی ایکس ، طیف‌سنج تبدیل فوریه مادون قرمز و طیف‌سنج نوری فرابنفش-مرئی استفاده شد. اثر ماده‌های فعال کننده سطحی پلی‌وینیل پیرولیدون لیگاند غیریونی و ستیل تری متیل آمونیوم برمید لیگاند کاتیونی بر روی سطح و خواص فیزیکی اکسید سرب بررسی شد. نتایج تصاویر میکروسکوپ الکترونی روبشی نشان میدهد استفاده از سورفکتانت پلی وینیل پیرولیدون باعث ایجاد نانوصفحات منظم با قطر متوسط µm 2 شده است. در صورتیکه استفاده از سورفکتانت ستیل تری متیل آمونیوم برماید به عنوان عامل پوششی، باعث تشکیل نانوذرات و میکروذرات شده است.

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